Interventions to ImproveCommunication in Autism

Rhea Paul, PhD

Yale Child Study Center, 40 Temple Street #68, New Haven, CT 06510, USA

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emphasize functional communication

encourage the development of multiple aspects of communication, such as
the use of gestures, gaze, affect, and vocalization, and hold these
behaviors to be necessary precursors to speech production.

An inherent weakness in didac- tic approaches lies in the fact that they
often lead to a passive style of com- munication, in which children
respond to prompts to communicate but do not initiate communication or
transfer the behaviors acquired to situations outside the teaching

Several techniques that fall within the category of contemporary ABA
approaches to communication intervention include prompt-free
training[42], incidental teaching[37,43], and
mand-modeling[44].Milieu teachingis an umbrella term that refers to
this range of methods that is integrated into a child’s natural

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地板時間要點之一是溝通圈/循環(circle of

Web resu

摘自:地板時間(floor time) @ 陳穎の特殊教育考題:: 痞客邦::



􏰎Gradually increasing the distance between the child and the
pictures􏰎Using the system in different environments􏰎Involving a variety
of people􏰎Focusing on different reinforcers.

美高梅娱乐平台 ,Tager-Flusberg et al[80]pointed to two commonly observed
characteristics of the communication of speakers with ASD: echolalia,
which is the imitation of what has been heard, either directly after it
is spoken, or as a delayed echo at a later time, and pronoun reversal,
which is primarily the tendency to use ‘‘you’’ instead of ‘‘I.’’
Although this was at one time thought to reflect difficulties in ego
formation, it is now seen as another instance of echolalia, in which the
child refers to himself or herself as ‘‘you’’ as he or she has heard
others say

vocabulary and sentence structures

verbal behavior

Echoes: practice in imitating verbal behavior

Mands: verbal behaviors that produce an immediate benefit for thespeaker
(eg, requests)

Tacts: labels

Reception by feature, function, and class: responding to commonly used

verbal stimuli

Intraverbals: verbal, nonechoic responses to the speech of others